When is a root canal necessary?

A root canal (also known as endodontics), is a treatment designed to tackle infections at the centre of a tooth (known as the root canal system). Such infections are caused by harmful bacteria that reside in the mouth and go on to invade the tooth. This can occur after tooth decay, damage to a tooth as a result of a trauma and leaky fillings.

 

If your dentist suspects you have a bacterial infection, they will take a dental X-ray to confirm that pulp has been damaged. If this is the case, the bacteria will multiply and spread.

 

 

Symptoms to look out for:

  • Pain when eating hot or cold food and drink.
  • Pain when biting and chewing.
  • Loose tooth.

 

It is essential that you visit your dentist here at Fresh if you have any reason to believe you may have an infected tooth. When the infection advances, the symptoms above will regress as the pulp in your tooth dies which may lead you to believe that the tooth has healed when in actual fact the infection has spread through the root canal system.

 

The anatomy of a tooth explained:

There are 2 main parts to a tooth which are:

  • The crown – this is the visible top part of a tooth.
  • The root – the non-visible part in the bone of the jaw that anchors the tooth in position.

Vector Human Tooth Cross Section anatomy enamel dentine pulp cavity gum tissue bone nerve blood vessels cement canal parts crown neck root teeth types incisors canine molars dental medical diagram

Other parts of a tooth include:

  • Tooth enamel – the hard protective outer coating of a tooth. This is the part that stops your teeth corroding as a result of general wear and tear. Protecting your tooth enamel is particularly important as once it has corroded (as a result of smoking/diet/unhealthylifestyle choices) it cannot be restored.
  • dentine – Softer matter supporting the tooth enamel. This makes up most of a tooth.
  • Cementum – hard matter coating the surface of the tooth’s root.
  • dental pulp – soft tissue located at the centre of a tooth.

 

If you would like to arrange a check-up or you are worried about any of the symptoms above, please do not hesitate to get in touch with us. It is important to detect problems early therefore regular dental and hygiene check-ups are paramount.