The world of dentistry can be a confusing place where there exist a myriad of tricky terms to get your head around. Here at Fresh we think it’s important that each patient is very well-informed about the ins and outs of the treatment they are choosing to undergo, which involves knowing certain complex terminology – here is some of this terminology explained…..

 

 

Abutment – An abutment is the connecting element between a dental implant and a restoration (crown or bridge).

 

Alveoloar bone – A person’s teeth are connected to the jaw via the alveolar bone – it is the principal support for teeth.

 

Bone augmentation – Phrase used to define a group of procedure that are used to build bone for those who do not have a sufficient amount for dental implants to be fitted.

 

Bone resorption – This process occurs when a patient has missing teeth. If the missing teeth are left untreated for a long period, the jawbone begins to shrink away (resorb), causing the face to appear sunken.

 

Bruxism – The medical term for grinding teeth and clenching the jaw.

 

Crown – Type of restoration that is used to cover a damaged tooth, rendering it more aesthetically sound and more resistant to damage and decay.

 

Dental implant – Dental implant permanently replace a missing tooth root. A restoration such as a crown or a bridge is fixed over the top to create an aesthetic result.

 

Dentures – Dentures are a removable option for replacing missing teeth. Dentures are sometimes made from porcelain and metal but are generally made from acrylic plastic. Partial dentures are also available to patients who do not have all of their teeth missing.

 

Edentulous – Medical term for those who are toothless.

 

Gingivitis – This is when the gums become inflamed and is recognised as the first stage of gum disease.

 

Impression taking – Dental impressions are used to create custom made restorations and dental appliances.

 

Incisors – A person’s top and bottom 4 front teeth. These are the sharpest teeth, used to cut into food using their thin edges.

 

Lower arch – The arch of teeth located on the lower jaw (also known as the mandibular arch).

 

Malocclusion – A poor bite – top and bottom teeth do not meet correctly.

 

 

If you would like to know more about the treatments available at Fresh, please do not hesitate to contact us.