40% of women will develop gingivitis during their pregnancy and if you already have gum disease, pregnancy can make it significantly worse – so it’s important to keep your eye out for developments during your pregnancy.
Caring for your gums is an important thing to factor in to your daily routine, as this will contribute to staying healthy and fit.
Pregnancy causes a shift in hormonal changes, increasing your chances of developing oral health problems such as gingivitis and periodontitis. But do not worry – regular check ups with your dentist and hygienist can help keep these at bay and/or under control.
Increased levels of progesterone are what give gingivitis-causing bacteria to settle – gum tissue also becomes more sensitive to plaque.
Gum disease usually worsens between the second and eighth month of pregnancy and one of the principal symptoms is redder looking gums that also bleed easily.
It’s difficult to fight your body’s desire to weaken its defences, but it can be done if you apply a healthy oral hygiene routine. This means:
- Flossing once a day – if you’re unsure about how to floss, your dental hygienist can show you the correct technique as well as the type of floss to use.
- Brush twice a day for 2 minutes each time.
- Visit your dental hygienist and dentists for regular check-ups, as these will help monitor any onset of severe gum disease.
- Use mouthwash that contains fluoride.
- Avoid foods that are particularly detrimental for your teeth.
- Using antibacterial mouthwash can also help with keeping infections at bay.
- Gum disease that does not improve with an enhanced oral hygiene routine may need to be treated with antiobiotics.
Research has suggested that there is a correlation between gum disease in pregnancy and premature birth, though further studies are to be conducted before this is pronounced true or not.
As well as gum disease, pregnancy tumours are also common throughout pregnancy. These are lumps with red markings found on inflamed gum tissue. Gum tumours are known to occur at any time throughout pregnancy but are most common during the second trimester.
If you would like further information on pregnancy and dental hygiene or your would like to speak to a dentist about this, do not hesitate to contact us to book a consultation.